There are numerous types of cysts, and the majority of them are noncancerous. The shape and color of a cyst can vary depending on the type of cyst and its location. Treatment is not always required for cysts but may be necessary depending on the specific case. 

What Causes Cysts?

The cause of cysts can vary, but they are often the result of:

  • Injuries
  • Blocked follicle
  • Cuts or piercings
  • Infection
  • Tumor
  • Genetic condition
  • Fluid build-up 

Symptoms of Cysts

Because there are numerous types of cysts, the symptoms can vary. Most cysts are first spotted as a bump growing beneath the skin. There may be some pain or swelling associated with them, as well as some redness. While most cysts are benign, it is crucial to have a doctor examine them to ensure their diagnosis.

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Types of Cysts

Below are some of the common types of cysts that affect the skin. Other cysts can be found inside the body, including the liver, kidney, ovaries, and the breasts. If you feel any lump or are experiencing pain, contact your doctor to have it evaluated. 

Acne Cysts 

A more severe form of acne caused by the blockage of pores. Known as cystic acne, this can lead to inflammation and infection. 


Cysts that can form around the eye when ducts near the eyelid are blocked. 

Epidermoid Cysts 

small and slow-growing. They form due to a build-up of keratin beneath the skin. They are found on the face, neck, head, back, and genitals.

Sebaceous Cysts 

Commonly found on the face, back, scalp, or groin. It is often caused by clogging under the skin, cuts, or surgery.

Treatments for Cysts

The treatment for a cyst will depend on its location, size, and type of cyst. If you have a very large cyst that is causing discomfort, surgical removal may be necessary. In some cases, the cyst can be drained by inserting a needle. During treatment, a biopsy may also be requested to ensure there is no concerning content such as cancer present.

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About Skin Dermatology

Skin Dermatology is located in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts. It was founded by board-certified dermatologist Dr. Alissa Lamoureux to help patients with their skin concerns. If you are concerned about a cyst, or possible cyst, contact us today. 

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